How many Beijing landmarks are left by the “Queen of Curves” in the architectural world?丨 Night ask
Zaha Hadid was born in Hadid, Baghdad, Iraq in 1950. In 2004, she was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize, known as the Nobel Prize in architecture. She was also the first female architect in the history of the prize.Hadid is known as the “Queen of Architecture”. She boldly uses space and geometry to reflect the complex characteristics of urban architecture. Her application of long arc curves has brought unprecedented visual impact to everyone.The evaluation team of the Pritzker Architecture Prize once pointed out that Hadid’s road to world recognition is “a heroic struggle.”At the age of 18, Hadid studied in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. He went to London in 1972 to study architecture at the Architectural Union College. In 1977, he received compensation from the London Architectural Union.He started his own construction career in London in 1980.In 1983, at the International Architectural Competition for Antiques in Hong Kong, Hadid won the design proposal for the leisure club. This is her first work that has attracted the attention of the international architectural community.Although he won the game, he did not start the work in the end.Many of her works can only be based on drawings, and can not be put into practice. At one time, they were also known as “architects on paper”.It wasn’t until the Vitra fire station designed in Germany in 1993 that it became famous.Zaha Hadid died of a heart attack at a hospital in Miami, USA on March 31, 2016 at the age of 65.She designed Wangjing SOHO, Galaxy SOHO, Daxing International Airport and other landmark buildings for Beijing.1 Beijing Wangjing SOHO completion time: September 2014 Wangjing SOHO was the first striking high-rise landmark building on the route from the Capital Airport to the urban area, standing in front of the world with the “first impression of the capital”.The project came from Hadid.3 high-rise buildings integrating office and business echo with 3 low-rise commercial buildings. The unique curved shape subverts people’s aesthetics of traditional buildings. Any angle can capture the jumping beauty of the building.Since the release of the renderings, Wangjing SOHO has been controversial in terms of “styling” and “photometry is too bright” as the Galaxy SOHO.However, contrary to the surface condition, this “green building” was reset at the beginning of the design to effectively reduce the interaction between the environment and the substitution effects of residents.In 2015, Wangjing SOHO won the Emporis Skyscraper Award for the World’s Best Alternative Award for its “outstanding energy-saving system and unique design style”, making it the first high-rise building in China to receive this honor.Pan Shiyi, chairman of SOHO China, announced the understanding of the SOHO series when Wangjing SOHO was completed: “We initially brought the concept of SOHO into China, from the square office building to the streamlined future building today.A building is surpassing itself.”The controversy is no matter what the worship is. The topic at that time was overwhelming, but this group of buildings continues to grow like a living body.In 2016, the news of Hadid’s death alarmed this group of emotional buildings. The LEDs of Wangjing SOHO’s commemorative images were surrounded by flowers and candles.After the designer gives life, each building and the human beings that live in it naturally grow synchronously, which may be the best solace.2 Completion time of Beijing Galaxy SOHO: December 2012 and 2009, Galaxy SOHO began to break ground, both coordinates and modeling challenge the inertial thinking of spectators.In this attempt, Hadid used parametric design to try to make Galaxy SOHO a 360 ° architectural world.Initially silver-white, it was composed of four oval-shaped buildings, similar to the galaxy’s large chassis and multi-tower building. Each building has an atrium and transportation core, and merged on different levels.As the first SOHO trilogy, naturally it has experienced the most controversy.Fans are for streamlined, parametric design, while the opposition proposes that futuristic design destroys the inherent traditional background architectural culture.Although Hadid himself expressed that he wanted to express urbanization with diverse coexistence, this round of dialogue between “new architecture” and “old alley” was a topic of great voice.Pushing the revolution to the top is because on June 13, 2013, the official website of the Royal Institute of British Architects released the “2013 Royal Institute of British Architects International Awards” list, Galaxy Soho (Galaxy Soho) was listed.At that time, some people in the Beijing Cultural Heritage Protection Center believed that Yinhe SOHO had caused serious damage to Beijing’s old city cityscape, “convex” shape city outline, traditional Hutong courtyard, street view, architectural form and color.Today, the revolution has gradually been abandoned.We seem to be used to the setting of this “future city” along the East Second Ring Road.3 Completion time of Beijing Daxing International Airport: June 30, 2019 The terminal building of Beijing Daxing International Airport looks like a phoenix with wings spread, which is the shape of a five-finger corridor.”Shan Hai Jing” has a cloud: Phoenix, seeing the world is peaceful.The shape of the terminal of Beijing New Airport implies “Phoenix Spreading Wings” and forms a layout of a double hub with the Capital Airport.The total capital is up to 80 billion yuan, the annual passenger flow increment is up to 100 million passengers, and the number of aircraft taking off and landing is 800,000.Covering an area of 1.4 million square meters, it is equivalent to the size of 63 Tiananmen Square.Only the projected area of the roof is equivalent to 25 football fields, and the amount of steel used reaches 5.5 inches equals a Beijing bird’s nest.The terminal area is about 1753 meters long from north to south and 1591 meters wide from east to west.It consists of three parts: passenger terminal, transfer center, comprehensive service building, and parking building.Such a huge roof is only supported by 8 C-shaped columns, 6 of which are on a 180-meter-diameter concentric circle. The 8 C-shaped columns are separated by 200 meters from each other.The huge new terminal also has the world’s largest roof area of 180,000 square meters.The main natural lighting system at the top consists of a central skylight, six strip skylights, a cylindrical bubble window, and a lighting belt that runs through the middle of the finger gallery.A total of 12,800 pieces of glass were used in the entire terminal, including more than 8,000 pieces of roof glass.The huge roof consisting of 12,300 spherical tops and more than 60,000 rods is designed as a free-form surface.Each rod and spherical coaxial connection are locked into a unique position by three-dimensional coordinates, so no two of the 8,000 glasses are the same.The difficulty of construction is the most in the world.